La révolution énergétique à portée de main des citoyens européens

, par Céline Racine

La moitié des citoyens européens pourrait produire ses propres énergies renouvelables d’ici 2050, selon une recherche menée par Friends of the Earth Europe, Greenpeace, REScoop et d’autres organisations.

The research outlines the potential for citizen-owned renewable energy projects in Europe, where 264 million "energy citizens" could generate 45% of the European Union’s electricity needs by 2050 – as part of a democratised energy system.

Molly Walsh, community power campaigner for Friends of the Earth Europe, said : "This shows that people have the power to revolutionise Europe’s energy system, reclaiming power from big energy companies, and putting the planet first. We need to enshrine the right for people to produce their own renewable energy in European and national legislation."

Proportion of energy citizens in 2050

Tara Connolly, energy policy adviser for Greenpeace EU, said : "The EU should be clearing a path for forward-thinking, nimble energy citizens, not supporting big, polluting utilities. The age of energy dinosaurs is over."

Dirk Vansintjan, president of, said : "Citizens are already playing a role in renewable energy projects across Europe – benefiting the local economy, as well as creating public support for the energy transition. Their potential is huge, and this research shows these projects could, and should, be the norm."

Breakdown of type of energy citizens in Europe

The organisations are calling for a framework to protect, support and promote energy citizens at the core of the European Commission’s Energy Union package – specifically as part of the revised Renewable Energy Directive and the Market Design Initiative. This call is in line with President Juncker’s wish for "the EU to become the world number one in renewable energies" (see pdf document below) and with the European Commission’s vision of "an Energy Union with citizens at its core".

PDF - 99.7 ko

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The report, The Potential for Energy Citizens in the European Union, was carried out by CE Delft and commissioned by European Renewable Energies Federation, Friends of the Earth Europe, Greenpeace, and European Federation of Renewable Energy Cooperatives.